Prof. Fabio Babiloni
Dept. Molecular Medicine, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy
BrainSigns srl, Rome, Italy
Dr. Fabio Babiloni is currently professor of Physiology at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy. He is also professor of Biomedical Engineering. He is author of 250 papers on bioengineering and neurophysiological topics on international peer-reviewed scientific journals, and more than 250 contributions to conferences and books chapters, having an H-index of 65. Prof. Babiloni is Associate Editor of “IEEE Trans. On Neural System and Rehabilitation Engineering”, “IEEE Trans. On Biomedical Engineering”, and coeditor in chief of the “International Journal of Bioelectromagnetism”. Since 2007 is IEEE-EMBS Conference Editor and for 2012-2018 was in the advisory committee of the IEEE-EMBS. His interests are in the area of applied cognitive neuroscience. Prof. Babiloni is also Chief Scientific Officer of the university spin-off company BrainSigns (www.brainsigns.com).
Dr. Babiloni is in the list of the most cited Italian scientists in any field of knowledge.
Brain computer interfaces for the industrial application of cognitive neuroscience
Is the cognitive neuroscience ready to be used in advanced industrial contexts? In this talk, a possible path for the use of advanced findings in cognitive neuroscience, by using the electroencephalogram not only in the medical environment, will be described (e.g. to improve the limb’s rehabilitation path for patients affected by stroke). In particular, applications of advanced EEG signal processing technique will be illustrated in the marketing context (neuro-marketing) as well as in the aerospace-aeronautic environments, through the on-line monitoring of the mental workload of pilots, air traffic controllers and other categories of professional drivers during their actual operations. Four main areas will be described:
1) Brain Computer Interface. In this part of the talk different applications of the brain computer interfaces (BCI) technology will be firstly presented. All the applications will be obtained by using the computerized analysis of the electrical activity of the human brain, gathered by a net of electrodes placed on the scalp surface (electroencephalogram, EEG). It will be described how, by using the voluntary modulation of EEG activity, normal subjects could control external devices such as a cursor on the screen, a mobile robot as well as a wheelchair. Successively, it will be illustrated how the BCI technology could be inserted within the rehabilitation path of the patients who suffered of brain strokes. In particular, it will be showed how BCI technologies could enhance the rehabilitation exercise, by including the presentation of the attempt of the movement as early as possible to the patients, although they are not yet able to move their limbs. However, BCI applications could be extended beyond the use in the clinical context, and application in the area of “synthetic telepathy” are already investigated by DARPA and by the current research group.
2) Neuromarketing: Application of neuroscience in the evaluation of relevant marketing stimuli will be described. The main cognitive neuroscience indicators for the appreciation of an audiovisual sensory stimuli (e.g. a TV commercials) will be also described as well as the use of such EEG-based indicators in practical situations.
3) Online detection of mental workload: successively, different applications of the collection of brain activity in working contexts related to the aircraft’s pilots will be showed. Additionally, the possibility to detect the brain activity related to the insurgence of mental workload will be described. It will be speculated that such detection could be employed in a short future to generate devices able to warn the operators about their perceived workload. Example of such detection of mental workload will be presented in three different conditions: on civil airline pilots, on military pilots and on car drivers.
4) Neuroaestethic: the issue of how we perceive the beauty will be also addressed by the talk, through the presentation of main results obtained by monitoring the EEG activity during the visit of two art galleries with the pictures of Tiziano Vecellio and Jan Veermer.
The possibility to detect in a reliable way the cerebral activity during “real-life” conditions and the possibility to detect brain activity with dry electrodes will be also discussed. Quoting the scientist Martha Farah, the issue is not “if” but “when” the neuroscience will shape our future. We are thinking that such time is arrived